Fasciculation and elongation zeta/zygin (FEZ) proteins are a family of hub proteins and share many characteristics like high connectivity in interaction networks, they are involved in several cellular processes, evolve slowly and in general have intrinsically disordered regions. In 1985, <i>unc-76
</i> gene was firstly described and involved in axonal growth in <i>C. elegans</i>, and in 1997 Bloom and Horvitz enrolled also the human homologues genes, <i>FEZ1</i> and <i>FEZ2</i>, in this process. While nematodes possess one gene (<i>unc-76
</i>), mammalians have one more copy (<i>FEZ1</i> and <i>FEZ2</i>). Several animal models have been used to study FEZ family functions like: <i>C. elegans, D. melanogaster</i>, <i>R. novergicus</i> and human cells. Complementation assays were performed and demonstrated the function conservation between paralogues. Human FEZ1 protein is more studied followed by UNC-76 and FEZ2 proteins, respectively. While FEZ1 and UNC-76 shared interaction partners, FEZ2 evolved and increased the number of protein-protein interactions (PPI) with cytoplasmatic partners. FEZ proteins are implicated in intracellular transport, acting as bivalent cargo transport adaptors in kinesin-mediated movement. Especially in light of this cellular function, this family of proteins has been involved in several processes like neuronal development, neurological disorders, viral infection and autophagy. However, nuclear functions of FEZ proteins have been explored as well, due to high content of PPI with nuclear proteins, correlating FEZ1 expression to <i>Sox2</i> and <i>Hoxb4</i> gene regulation and retinoic acid signaling. These recent findings open new avenue to study FEZ proteins functions and its involvement in already described processes. This review intends to reunite aspects of evolution, structure, interaction partners and function of FEZ proteins and correlate them to physiological and pathological processes.