Nat Cell Biol,
Why are proteins glycosylated? On the basis of new studies, I propose two models to clarify the specific functions of glycosylation in worms. The first explains how intra- and inter-cellular trafficking of an N-glycosylated disintegrin-metalloprotease guides somatic gonadal cells through their migratory route, determining the shape of an organ. The second explains how rigid coats of secreted chondroitin proteoglycans bend membranes to drive cytokinesis and epithelial invagination.
The CM domain is a cysteine-rich DNA-binding motif first recognized in proteins encoded by the Drosophila set determination gene doublesex (Erdman and Burtis 1993; Zhu et al. 2000). As the name doublesex (dsx) suggests, this gene has functions in both sexes: Its transcripts undergo sex-specific alternative splicing, so that it can encode either a male-specific isoform, DSX(M), or a female-specific isoform, DSX(F) (Baker and Wolfner 1988; Burtis and Baker 1989). These proteins have the same N-terminal DNA-binding domain, but different C termini that confer different regulatory properties on the two forms. The expression of DSX(M) directs male development, and the expression of DSX(F) directs female development, throughout most of the somatic tissues of the fruit fly.